Medicaid Fraud

Good News From The DoctorPennsylvania Medicaid Fraud Control Section Mission Statement
The Pennsylvania Attorney General’s Office Medicaid Fraud Control Section prosecutes those defrauding the Pennsylvania Medical Assistance (Medicaid) program through unlawful billing or failure to provide services to those whom the program serves. The Medicaid Fraud Control Section also prosecutes those who neglect or abuse Pennsylvanians most dependent on their care and those who financially exploit older adults or care-dependent persons.

Anyone can refer a case involving fraud or neglect/abuse/exploitation to the Medicaid Fraud Control Section: managed care organizations, insurance companies, health care providers, and even concerned citizens provide essential information and investigative leads to the Medicaid Fraud Control Section. The team uses this information to protect Pennsylvanians by prosecuting illegally-prescribing doctors, fraudulent home care aides, and neglectful caretakers, among other criminals.

Medicaid was created by Congress in 1965 to provide medical services to low-income, disabled, and elderly Americans.[1] Medicaid began as a joint federal and state-run program with $3.9 billion in federal funding, but the program has grown to over $671 billion in federal funding[2] and currently serves over 3.4 million Pennsylvanians.[3] Congress initially failed, however, to establish any manner to prevent fraud and providers stole millions of dollars in the early years of the program. In 1977, Congress passed the Medicare/Medicaid Anti-Fraud and Abuse Amendment[4], authorizing states to create Medicaid Fraud Control Units to investigate and prosecute Medicaid provider fraud and patient neglect.

The Pennsylvania Office of Attorney General established the Medicaid Fraud Control Section in 1978 to vigorously prosecute Medicaid fraud and the neglect of care-dependent people within the Commonwealth. The Pennsylvania Legislature later passed the Fraud and Abuse Control Act[5] and the Care-Dependent Person Act,[6] and added the crime of Financial Exploitation of an Older Adult or Care-Dependent Person[7] in order to provide the MFCS with the necessary tools to complete those tasks.

The Pennsylvania Department of Human Services[7] (DHS) administers Medical Assistance throughout the Commonwealth. The MFCS works with DHS to identify and hold accountable those defrauding the program. The MFCS further coordinates with the United States Department of Health and Human Services to conduct joint investigations of large-scale Medicaid fraud.[8] Pennsylvania partners with the National Association of Medicaid Fraud Control Units (NAMFCU)[9] to most effectively prosecute these crimes for all Pennsylvanians.

[1] Title XIX of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. § 1396 et. seq.
[3] Medicaid & CHIP in Pennsylvania, May 2023.
[4] 42 U.S.C. § 1396 et. seq.
[5] 62 P.S. § 1401 et. seq.
[6] 18 Pa.C.S.A. § 2713 and 2713.1.
[7] 18 Pa.C.S.A. § 3922.1