ASK THE ATTORNEY GENERAL: How Can I Avoid Buying a Flood Damaged Vehicle?
In the last few years major hurricanes such as Katrina, Rita and Wilma have battered our country and flooded many areas of our nation. There are estimates that at least half a million vehicles were damaged by flooding from these natural disasters. Unfortunately, dishonest vehicle owners or dealers make cosmetic repairs to flood damaged vehicles and put them back on the market by selling the vehicles to auctioneers or registering them in other states without disclosing the damage. When a vehicle is moved out of the state where the damage occurred, the title gets "washed," thus removing all evidence of flood or reconstructed title status. The vehicle with a "clean" title is then shipped to other states and sold to unsuspecting buyers. What looks like a good deal to a buyer turns into a series of costly repairs months later. Also, the vehicle poses a serious safety threat to drivers and passengers because flood damage causes non-functioning airbags, engine, brake and electrical system damage.
What is a flood damaged vehicle?
A flood damaged vehicle is one that has been completely or partially submerged in water to the extent that its body, engine, transmission or other mechanical components have been damaged. Since vehicles may have been submerged for days after the last storms, these types of vehicles pose a dangerous threat to consumers. Pennsylvania law requires motor vehicle dealers to disclose if a vehicle incurred flood damage.
How can I detect a flood damaged vehicle?
Sometimes it can be difficult to tell if a vehicle is flood damaged so you should always have a trusted mechanic inspect it before buying. If the seller won't let you take the vehicle off the lot for an inspection then walk away from the sale. Be sure to do the following before buying a used vehicle:
Be wary of someone trying to sell a vehicle below its market value. You can also protect yourself by insisting upon a warranty or refusing to buy the vehicle on an "as is" basis. If you have any concerns about the vehicle or the answers the dealer gives you, trust yourself and don't by the vehicle!
Are there services that can tell me if a vehicle is flood damaged?
Yes. There are three FREE services for consumers to check whether a used vehicle they are considering buying has been reported to have been damaged.
If the vehicle you want to buy is on any of these lists, don't buy it! Since all three lists get their information from different sources, be sure to run your VIN number through all three free services for a more comprehensive search.
What should I do if I bought a flood damaged vehicle?
If you suspect someone has knowingly sold a hurricane-damaged vehicle without disclosing the damage, you should do the following: